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MICHEL MARTIN, HOST:

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

MICHEL MARTIN, HOST:

The debate over encryption and government access to secured communications dates decades back. But for many Americans, it grabbed their attention in the early months of this year, in the aftermath of the Dec. 2, 2015, mass shooting in San Bernardino, Calif.

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Silicon Valley has reportedly done some soul-searching after last month's presidential election. Many in high-tech supported Hillary Clinton and have criticized Facebook and Google for being vehicles to spread fake news stories, many of which vilified Clinton.

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SCOTT SIMON, HOST:

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

SCOTT SIMON, HOST:

Episode 739: Finding The Fake-News King

Dec 2, 2016

A few days before the election, an extraordinary story popped up in hundreds of thousands of people's Facebook feeds. This story was salacious. It was vivid, filled with intriguing details. There was a photo of a burning house, firemen rushing in. The headline read, "FBI Agent Suspected In Hillary Email Leaks Found Dead In Apparent Murder-Suicide."

The fake news controversy is rocking the advertising industry. Kellogg's announced it's pulling ads from the site Breitbart — which publishes right-wing content. Other brands are planning similar moves. But there's one big reason to believe this is just a short-term reaction in the heat of the moment, not a long-term trend.

A new filter

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Kai Ryssdal

Another key job in the Trump administration has been filled. Retired Marine Corps General James Mattis is the president-elect's pick for Secretary of Defense and the official announcement comes Monday.

It is unconventional to name a retired general officer to run the Pentagon for several reasons, some of which Erin Simpson lays out in a new piece at the commentary website War on the Rocks.

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Kai Ryssdal

There are some exciting new developments in the world of Snapchat — or rather, Snap Inc., their new name in a corporate re-branding undertaken by Chief Strategy Officer Imran Khan. According to Khan, Snap Inc. accommodates the company's expansion beyond social media into camera technology at large.

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Mitchell Hartman

The November unemployment rate, at 4.6 percent, is low. But the jobs are still disappearing in some sectors. In manufacturing, for instance: down 4,000 jobs from October, continuing a long-term trend.

So what’s that mean for workers?

Click the above audio player to hear the full story.

Get ready for a higher-end cup of coffee

Dec 2, 2016
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Marielle Segarra

Starbucks CEO Howard Schultz is stepping out of daily operations at the coffee company to focus on the rollout of a new premium coffee brand, Starbucks Reserve. Schultz compared the effort to Ralph Lauren's launch of his high-end Purple label. But how has that brand done? And what lessons does Ralph Lauren have for Howard Schultz?

Click the above audio player to hear the full story.

Long and Short: Minimum wage and Gilmore Girls

Dec 2, 2016
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Lizzie O'Leary and Hayley Hershman

The Los Angeles Times' Natalie Kitroeff and CNN Money's Tanzina Vega play the long and short game this week. They discuss fair wages, the myth of bringing jobs back to the U.S. and the "Gilmore Girls" revival.

Click the above audio player to hear the full story. 

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Daisy Palacios

The way Americans thought about house and home completely transformed between 1945-1973. The post-war period in America ushered in a big spike in spending on domestic goods, like appliances and decor. Home ownership rates increased, too. In 1940, 43.6 percent of Americans owned their home. By 1960, 61.9 percent did. This made the "nesting" aspect of Christmas, including exterior and interior decoration, a new category for holiday shopping.

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Phoebe Unterman

Even though the Big Mac isn’t as relevant as it used to be, McDonald’s still sells plenty of them — 500 million Big Macs are sold per year in the U.S. alone and the iconic burger is available in almost 100 countries, according to The New York Times.

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Sam Beard

First it was Brexit. Then Donald Trump’s presidential election victory. Where will the next politico-economic bombshell fall? It could be in Italy over the weekend. On Sunday, Italians vote in a referendum on constitutional reform. And the result could — conceivably — produce turmoil in financial markets.

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JaeRan Kim

It’s December, and if you’re heading out to do some shopping right now, you’ll notice a few things. One, there will definitely be annoying holiday music playing. Two, pretty good deals on coats, if you can find them. Three, for a lot of the country, it doesn’t feel like December weather-wise. Warmer winters are shrinking the market for winter clothing — and for the shares of companies that make it.

Click the above audio player to hear the full story.

Unemployment dropped by 0.3 percentage points, to 4.6 percent, last month — the lowest rate since 2007 — according to the monthly jobs report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Your office could be making you sick

Dec 2, 2016
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Lizzie O'Leary and Eliza Mills

In offices across the country, someone is probably sneezing, spreading a cold that's been going around. It sometimes seems like when one person at work gets sick, it's only a matter of time before everyone does.

One potential reason why is the office itself. Most of the buildings we work in are completely sealed off from the outside world, in part to help save on heating and cooling costs.

But this can also mean that when someone gets sick, the germs just circulate through the ventilation system. 

Marketplace Weekend for December 2, 2016

Dec 2, 2016
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Marketplace

On this episode of Marketplace Weekend, a look at President-elect Donald Trump's cabinet picks and potential future policy. Plus, a discussion of the Dakota Access Pipeline and a report from Scott Tong on fracking. Later, Wired science contributor Zoë Schlanger talks about office microbiomes and why they could be making you sick. The band Local Natives takes the Marketplace Quiz. 

A look at the conflict at Standing Rock

Dec 2, 2016
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Marketplace

For months, protesters have been in a standoff in North Dakota over a nearly $3.8 billion energy project called the Dakota Access Pipeline. Protesters are concerned the pipeline could harm the water supply near the Standing Rock reservation. The Energy Transfer Partners, the company who wants to build the pipeline, has said they will not re-route the project. Dan Gunderson, correspondent for Minnesota Public Radio, has been reporting from the Standing Rock protest camps. He sat down with us to break down the conflict. 

The economy that Trump inherits

Dec 2, 2016
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Kai Ryssdal and Andrea Seabrook

New numbers out this week point to a strengthening U.S. economy. The unemployment rate is at its lowest since the Great Recession and economic growth is ticking up. How will Trump's administration build on this? Kai and Andrea take stock of the recovery and Trump's latest Cabinet pick, retired Marine General James Mattis. Got questions about the transition, who's in and who's out? Tweet them to us @Marketplace, @KaiRyssdal and @RadioBabe. 

The band Local Natives takes the Marketplace Quiz

Dec 2, 2016
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Hayley Hershman

No matter who you are, you've probably had a rough day at the office that changed your perspective, or maybe you made an impulse purchase you really, really wish you could take back. This week, musicians Taylor Rice and Kelcey Ayer from the band Local Natives take our money and work-inspired personality questionnaire based on those experiences. 

Local Natives' latest album, "Sunlit Youth," is out now.

Marketplace for Friday, December 2, 2016

Dec 2, 2016
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Mitchell Hartman

On today's show: We're joined by Catherine Rampell of the Washington Post and Sudeep Reddy of the Wall Street Journal for the Weekly Wrap.  Also, jobs numbers are out for the month of November — they're looking good, but not all jobs were created equal in this market. We look at what the job market looks like for skilled and unskilled workers. Lastly, President-elect Trump has nominated retired Marine General James Mattis as Secretary of Defense. We talk with military expert Dr. Emily Simpson about why she thinks Mattis is not a good fit for this role. 

A $720 pair of Nikes that will tie its own laces

Dec 2, 2016

On today's show, we'll talk about the November jobs report and how the Federal Reserve might react to it; Louisiana's goal of helping kids with financial literacy; and $720 self-tying sneakers. 

On Donald Trump's visit to Carrier in Indiana on Thursday, he mentioned a phone call that he made to the CEO of United Technologies, the air conditioning company's parent. As Trump describes it, that call led to Carrier announcing it will not move as many jobs to Mexico as it had planned.

"We can't allow this to happen anymore with our country. So many jobs are leaving and going to other countries, not just Mexico," Trump said.

What’s next for Starbucks CEO Howard Schultz?

Dec 2, 2016
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Lane Wallace

Shares in Starbucks were sharply down early Wednesday on the news that Starbucks CEO Howard Schultz is stepping aside as CEO. He’ll stay with the company to focus on the high-end coffee market, and COO Kevin Johnson will step into the chief executive role. Howard Schultz has spoken to our show a few times, including a recent conversation about the company’s media pursuits.

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Emily Siner

The resort towns of Gatlinburg and Pigeon Forge, Tenn. are trying to come to terms with the loss of life and property from the wildfires that swept through the community this week. At least 11 people died and 700 buildings were destroyed.

But many people who lost their homes and businesses don’t even know it yet, because they’re still waiting to be allowed back into their neighborhoods.

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Reema Khrais

Today, President Obama will meet with incoming United Nations chief Antonio Guterres. Guterres will step into the Secretary General role in January. That’s also when we’ll see a new administration in Washington. What could U.N.-U.S. relations look like under President Trump? 

Click the above audio player to hear the full story. 

2016 wage growth: good but not great

Dec 2, 2016
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Adam Allington

The U.S. economy added 178,000 jobs in November, with the unemployment rate declining to 4.6 percent. 

Forecasts had predicted a net gain of around 180,000, jobs, a signal of steady hiring in the labor market.

Though average hourly earnings declined last month, wages have been trending up for some time. But there’s still room for improvement.

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