Nina Totenberg en Former FBI Director Louis Freeh Returns To Surgery Following Crash Former FBI Director Louis Freeh was returned to surgery at a New Hampshire hospital on Tuesday, after suffering serious injuries in what police say was a one-car crash Monday, according to the <a href="">Burlington Free Press</a>. The newspaper also reports that Freeh is under armed guard.<p>The crash took place in Barnard, Vt., where Freeh owns a house. He was airlifted from the scene to Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center in New Hampshire. Tue, 26 Aug 2014 19:41:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 60159 at Former FBI Director Louis Freeh Returns To Surgery Following Crash Same-Sex Marriages On Hold In Virginia After Supreme Court Weighs In The U.S. Supreme Court has stepped in to block a federal appeals court ruling that would have allowed gay marriages to begin in Virginia on Thursday.<p>The decision was widely expected and tells little about how the high court will ultimately rule on the issue. Wed, 20 Aug 2014 19:42:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 59835 at Same-Sex Marriages On Hold In Virginia After Supreme Court Weighs In The Death Clerk, And Other Details Of Last-Minute Execution Appeals <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit<img src=""/></div><p>Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>Arizona's execution is the third botched or problematic execution this year. And it poses lots of legal questions. So we have NPR legal affairs correspondent Nina Totenberg now to answer them. Thu, 24 Jul 2014 20:15:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 58341 at Conflicting Obamacare Rulings Set Stage For Supreme Court Face-Off <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit<img src=""/></div><p> Wed, 23 Jul 2014 10:10:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 58234 at Obama's Health Care Law Has A Confusing Day In Court Another wild legal ride for Obamacare on Tuesday: Two U.S. Court of Appeals panels issued conflicting decisions on an issue with the potential to gut the health care overhaul.<p>The two rulings could lead to another U.S. Supreme Court showdown over the controversial law, all because of what one of the law's opponents initially called "a glitch."<p>That glitch has now become a legal spear aimed at the health care exchanges that are the heart of Obamacare. Tue, 22 Jul 2014 20:14:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 58196 at Rare Unanimity In Supreme Court Term, With Plenty Of Fireworks The nation greets the coming of July each year with fireworks on the National Mall and, days earlier, explosive decisions at the U.S. Supreme Court.<p>While the Mall fireworks dissipate within moments, the court's decisions will have repercussions for decades. Indeed, no sooner was the ink dry on this term's contraception decision than the court's three female justices accused their male colleagues of reneging.<p>"Those who are bound by our decisions usually believe they can take us at our word," wrote Justice Sonia Sotomayor for herself and Justices Ruth Bader Ginsburg and Elena Kagan. Sun, 06 Jul 2014 19:12:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 57265 at Rare Unanimity In Supreme Court Term, With Plenty Of Fireworks High Court Allows Some Companies To Opt Out Of Contraceptives Mandate For the first time, the U.S. Mon, 30 Jun 2014 20:38:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 56941 at Supreme Court Ruling Affirms Hobby Lobby Victory Transcript <p>RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST: <p>And a divided Supreme Court delivered another rebuke to the Obama administration today. It came in the most closely watched case of the year, which challenged the requirement that most employers include coverage for birth control in the health insurance they supply to their workers. The craft store chain Hobby Lobby and other companies challenged that requirement, saying they have a religious objection to at least some forms of birth control. In a 5 to 4 decision this morning, the high court sided with the companies. NPR's Nina Totenberg joins us now. Mon, 30 Jun 2014 17:32:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 56928 at High Court Strikes Down Abortion Clinic 'Buffer Zone' Law The Supreme Court eased restrictions on protesters at clinics that perform abortions. The court invalidated a Massachusetts law that created a 35 foot buffer outside abortion clinics in the state. Fri, 27 Jun 2014 09:35:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 56780 at Takeaways From Supreme Court Rulings On Buffer Zones, Recess Picks The U.S. Thu, 26 Jun 2014 20:44:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 56764 at Supreme Court Rules On Obama Appointments, Abortion Protests Transcript <p>STEVE INSKEEP, HOST: <p>The Supreme Court has issued rulings in two controversial cases. The court invalidated several appointments President Obama made while the Senate was in recess, or appeared to be, anyway. And the court also limited the power of a state to define buffer zones around abortion clinics. A lot to talk about here, let's dive right in with NPR legal affairs correspondent Nina Totenberg. Thu, 26 Jun 2014 18:19:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 56748 at High Court Ruling On Search Warrants Is Broader Than Cellphones Bold. Landmark. Sweeping. Those were the words experts on all sides used Wednesday to describe the U.S. Wed, 25 Jun 2014 20:15:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 56681 at Supreme Court Rules On Aereo, Cellphone Searches Transcript <p>RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST: <p>The Supreme Court today handed down milestone rulings in two cases involving modern technology and the ways it has changed our lives. In one decision, the court ruled that the police may not search a person's cellphone or other mobile device without first obtaining a warrant, even if they're in the process of arresting that person. The court also ruled against the technology innovator Aereo. A streaming service, Aereo provided customers with TV programs through miniature antennae without the permission of the broadcasters who produced the programs. Wed, 25 Jun 2014 16:48:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 56658 at EPA Gets A Win From Supreme Court On Global Warming Emissions — Mostly The U.S. Supreme Court gave the Environmental Protection Agency the green light to regulate greenhouse gases that are emitted from new and modified utility plants and factories on Monday.<p>Greenhouse gases are blamed for global warming, and the court's 7-2 decision gave the EPA most of what it wanted. But in a separate 5-4 vote, the justices rejected the agency's broad assertion of regulatory power under one section of the Clean Air Act.<p>You might call the outcome in this case the 83-percent solution. Mon, 23 Jun 2014 20:07:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 56530 at From Supreme Court, Firm Support For Employee In Retaliation Case The U.S. Supreme Court ruled Thursday that public employees cannot be fired in retaliation for testifying truthfully on matters of public corruption or public concern. The unanimous decision came in the case of Edward Lane, who was fired after he testified that an Alabama state legislator was a no-show employee being paid by the taxpayers for no work.<p>Lane managed a program for at-risk juvenile offenders that was run out of Central Alabama Community College. Thu, 19 Jun 2014 20:12:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 56332 at Supreme Court Rules Against Gun 'Straw Purchases' The U.S. Supreme Court delivered a major victory to gun control advocates on Monday. Mon, 16 Jun 2014 22:17:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 56147 at By Slim Margin, Supreme Court Preserves Key Gun Control Law In a 5-4 decision, the Supreme Court ruled that federal law may prohibit someone from buying a gun for another person — whether or not the other person is legally allowed to purchase a gun. The narrow decision maintains the status quo on "straw" purchases of guns. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit<img src=""/></div><p> Mon, 16 Jun 2014 20:07:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 56128 at POM Wonderful Wins A Round In Food Fight With Coca-Cola A food fight at the U.S. Supreme Court ended in a unanimous decision on Thursday.<p>The justices ruled that POM Wonderful can go forward with a lawsuit alleging Coca-Cola Co. tricked consumers and stole business from POM with false and misleading juice labels.<p>The case centers on a product aimed at health-conscious consumers: pomegranate-blueberry juice.<p>One version is made by POM Wonderful, a grower of pomegranates; the other, produced by Coca-Cola's Minute Maid division, says in large print that it is pomegranate-blueberry juice, too. The Coca-Cola product is almost five times cheaper. Thu, 12 Jun 2014 22:50:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 55928 at POM Wonderful Wins A Round In Food Fight With Coca-Cola Supreme Court Rules Against Homeowners In Superfund Case The U.S. Supreme Court ruled Monday that a federal law seeking to improve accountability for environmental spills and pollution can be circumvented by certain kinds of state laws.<p>The federal Superfund law supersedes state statutes of limitations. Instead the federal law dictates that lawsuits alleging environmental injury need only be filed when individuals either first learn or should have learned that they have been harmed. Mon, 09 Jun 2014 22:20:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg & Rebecca Buckwalter-Poza 55712 at Supreme Court: At 21, Some Children Must Start Visa Process Over A fractured U.S. Supreme Court ruled Monday that when parents wait years to win legal entry into the United States, their children may have to go to the back of the line when they turn 21. The court's decision came on a 5-to-4 vote, with the majority split into two camps.<p>Under the Immigration Act, citizens and lawful permanent residents may sponsor family members petitions' for visas and green cards. In most cases, those immigrating with a minor child stand in line with their children. Mon, 09 Jun 2014 20:43:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 55706 at Supreme Court: Case Involved Romantic Jealousy, Not Chemical Weapons The U.S. Supreme Court on Monday dodged a major constitutional test of the Constitution's treaty power. Conservative activists had seen the case as a chance to limit the power of the president and Congress to make and enforce treaties. Instead, the case boiled down to, in Chief Justice John Roberts' words, "an act of revenge born of romantic jealousy."<p>The Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993, adopted by the United States and 189 other nations, bars the development, use and storage of chemical weapons. Mon, 02 Jun 2014 20:36:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 55320 at Supreme Court Upholds Law Enforcement's Qualified Immunity In two decisions handed down Tuesday, the Supreme Court made it more difficult for citizens to sue law enforcement officers for their conduct. Both decisions were unanimous.<p>The central issue in both was the doctrine of "qualified immunity," which shields public officials from being sued for actions that fall short of violating a clearly established statutory or constitutional right.<p>Perhaps the more dire case involved a high-speed chase and the death of the driver and passenger at police hands. Tue, 27 May 2014 22:54:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg & Rebecca Buckwalter-Poza 54981 at A Divided High Court Strikes Down IQ Rules In Fla. Death Penalty The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 12 years ago that the states could not execute the "mentally retarded." But the court left to the states the definition of what constitutes retardation.<p>On Tuesday, however, the justices, by a 5-to-4 vote, imposed some limits on those definitions. At issue, in a case from Florida, was how to evaluate IQ tests.<p>The case involved the brutal murder of 21-year-old Karol Hurst, a newlywed who was seven months pregnant when she was kidnapped, raped and killed by Freddie Lee Hall and accomplice Mack C. Ruffin Jr. Tue, 27 May 2014 20:17:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 54965 at Judge Strikes Down Pennsylvania's Gay-Marriage Ban A federal judge in Pennsylvania has struck down the state's ban on same-sex marriage as unconstitutional. The ruling is the latest in a growing cascade of federal and state court decisions declaring a right to marry for gay couples.<p>Since the U.S. Supreme Court last year struck down a federal law barring recognition of same-sex marriage, federal and state courts have been rife with challenges to state bans. On Tuesday, Judge John Jones III in Pennsylvania became the latest federal judge to strike down such a ban.<p>Jones pointed to the Supreme Court's landmark <em>Brown v. Tue, 20 May 2014 23:40:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 54589 at In 'Raging Bull' Ruling, High Court Sides With Co-Writer's Daughter The U.S. Supreme Court delivered a TKO to MGM Monday, giving the daughter of a deceased screenwriter a chance to prove in court that the critically acclaimed movie <em>Raging Bull</em> infringed the copyright of a screenplay written by her father. <br /> <br />At the center of the dispute is the iconic 1980 movie <em>Raging Bull,</em> directed by Martin Scorsese and starring Robert De Niro, who played the role of champion boxer Jake LaMotta. <br /> Mon, 19 May 2014 20:16:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 54503 at In 'Raging Bull' Ruling, High Court Sides With Co-Writer's Daughter Nino's No-No: Justice Scalia Flubs Dissent In Pollution Case All of us who write for a living know what it's like to completely forget something you wrote 13 years ago.<p>But when a Supreme Court justice pointedly cites the facts in a decision he wrote, and gets them exactly wrong, it is more than embarrassing. Wed, 30 Apr 2014 22:06:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 53469 at Nino's No-No: Justice Scalia Flubs Dissent In Pollution Case Supreme Court Considers Limits On Warrantless Cellphone Searches In a case that reaches into almost every American's pocket or purse, the U.S. Supreme Court struggled Tuesday to adapt modern technology to traditional legal rules. At issue was whether police can search cellphones without obtaining a warrant at the time of an arrest.<p>The courts have long allowed police to search people without a warrant when making an arrest. Tue, 29 Apr 2014 20:24:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 53394 at Weighing The Risks Of Warrantless Phone Searches During Arrests The U.S. Supreme Court hears arguments Tuesday in two cases testing whether police can search cellphones without a warrant at the time of an arrest, be it for a traffic violation or for a felony.<p>The Supreme Court has interpreted the Fourth Amendment ban on unreasonable searches to require that police obtain a search warrant from a neutral judge upon a showing that there is probable cause to believe a crime has been committed. Tue, 29 Apr 2014 07:14:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 53349 at Weighing The Risks Of Warrantless Phone Searches During Arrests Justices Troubled By Their Earlier Ruling On Public Employee Speech Rights A majority of the justices on the U.S. Mon, 28 Apr 2014 20:17:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 53332 at How A Public Corruption Scandal Became A Fight Over Free Speech The current conservative Supreme Court majority has a well-earned reputation for protecting the First Amendment right to free speech, whether in the form of campaign spending or protests at military funerals.<p>But in one area — the First Amendment rights of public employees — the conservative majority has been far less protective of the right to speak out. Mon, 28 Apr 2014 07:37:00 +0000 Nina Totenberg 53280 at How A Public Corruption Scandal Became A Fight Over Free Speech