Leila Fadel http://delmarvapublicradio.net en Common Ground Between Iraq's Rebels May Be Crumbling http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/common-ground-between-iraqs-rebels-may-be-crumbling Abu Wissam speaks to us by phone from the northern Iraqi city of Mosul. He asks us to use his nickname to protect him, his family and his missing father before he recounts his father's kidnapping.<p>The men came on evening of July 3, just before Abu Wissam's family was preparing to break their day-long fast during the holy month of Ramadan.<p>"There were seven of them and before I knew it they were in our kitchen," he says.<p>Abu Wissam asked them who they were. They said they were from the Islamic State, and then they took his father, a retired general who served in Saddam Hussein's army. Wed, 23 Jul 2014 21:14:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 58281 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net Common Ground Between Iraq's Rebels May Be Crumbling Life Under 'The Islamic State': Order In The Shadow Of Terror http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/life-under-islamic-state-order-shadow-terror Transcript <p>: This is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR News I'm Robert Siegel.<p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>And I'm Audie Cornish. In Iraq the city of Mosul is becoming the de facto power center for the so-called Islamic State. The Sunni extremist group also known as ISIS took over the large Iraqi city last month as it swept through the northwest of the country. For a couple of years, the group had already controlled large portions of neighboring Syria amid that country's civil war. As it solidifies its hold on Mosul its building a track record for how it actually governs. Mon, 21 Jul 2014 20:28:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 58127 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net After An Ultimatum, Christians Flee Iraqi City http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/after-ultimatum-christians-flee-iraqi-city-en-masse For the first time since the first century, there are basically no Christians left in the historic Iraqi city of Mosul. Mon, 21 Jul 2014 09:27:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 58095 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net Extremists Leave A Violent Message In A Small Iraqi Town http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/extremists-leave-violent-message-small-iraqi-town A small Sunni Arab town north of Baghdad put up a fight when Sunni Muslim extremists from the so-called Islamic State tried to impose their rule on the town.<p>The residents lost, and now the town, Zowiya, just outside of Tikrit, is destroyed. More than 200 of its homes have been blown up, and the residents have fled.<p>The Islamic State leveled the town as a warning to anybody else that dares to fight them.<p>"My town is gone," says Abu Saad, a businessman in his sixties. "They bombed all our houses. Sat, 19 Jul 2014 16:12:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 58044 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net Extremists Leave A Violent Message In A Small Iraqi Town A Few New Faces Aren't Likely To Satisfy Iraqi Government's Critics http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/few-new-faces-arent-likely-satisfy-iraqi-governments-critics Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>From NPR News this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Robert Siegel.<p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>And I'm Audie Cornish. Iraq took a small step toward settling its political crisis and violent internal conflict today. It elected a new speaker of the parliament. The UN had said the country could plunge into chaos if that didn't happen. Much of the country is still in open revolt and under the control of radical Sunni militias and their local allies. Iraq's prime minister, Nouri al-Maliki, is accused of aggravating the country's divisions. Tue, 15 Jul 2014 20:58:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 57815 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net A Rogue Libyan General Tries To Impose Order With An Iron Fist http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/rogue-libyan-general-tries-impose-order-iron-fist No one is safe in Libya these days. Sat, 28 Jun 2014 09:10:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 56841 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net A Rogue Libyan General Tries To Impose Order With An Iron Fist Remembering Salwa Bugaighis, The Libyan Advocate Who Took On Ghadafi http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/remembering-salwa-bugaighis-libyan-advocate-who-took-ghadafi Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>It's ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR News. I'm Audie Cornish.<p>MELISSA BLOCK, HOST: <p>And I'm Melissa Block. Now, sobering news out of Libya - a prominent rights activist was shot and stabbed to death in her home last night. Salwa Bugaighis was a lawyer from Benghazi who had opposed former dictator Muammar Gaddafi. Today, U.S. National Security Advisor Susan Rice issued a statement lauding her courage and leadership. Thu, 26 Jun 2014 20:44:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 56766 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net Guilty Verdicts Claim 3 More Reporters, As Egyptian Courts Roll On http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/guilty-verdicts-claim-3-more-reporters-egyptian-courts-roll Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>It's a case that's drawn international condemnation. Today, an Egyptian court sentenced two journalists to seven years in jail, and a third to 10 years. They all work for the Al Jazeera English news network and were convicted of being or aiding terrorists and tarnishing Egypt's image. No evidence of their alleged crimes were present - was presented in court. Mon, 23 Jun 2014 20:07:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 56529 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net Egyptian Court Sentences Al Jazeera Reporters To Prison http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/egyptian-court-sentences-al-jazeera-reporters-prison Two journalists in Cairo got seven years in prison and third received 10 years. Egypt's government accused them of helping the banned Muslim Brotherhood. Mon, 23 Jun 2014 09:22:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 56484 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net Saddam's Ex-Officer: We've Played Key Role In Helping Militants http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/saddams-ex-officer-weve-played-key-role-helping-militants As they steamrolled across northern Iraq, Sunni militants had important help from an old power in the country — former members of Saddam Hussein's Baath Party and his army.<p>One retired air force colonel said he is a member of a newly formed military council overseeing Mosul, the large city captured last week by ISIS, the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, and its allies from Sunni Arab armed factions.<p>He spoke in a phone interview from Mosul and agreed to talk only on the condition that he not be named. He said he was worried about being targeted. Thu, 19 Jun 2014 21:42:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 56347 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net Saddam's Ex-Officer: We've Played Key Role In Helping Militants Calm Or Violent Chaos, Life Under ISIS Depends On The City http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/boon-or-blood-bath-life-under-isis-depends-city People in northern Iraq are getting their first taste of life under ISIS — the militant group known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria that captured the large Iraqi city of Mosul last week with shocking speed.<p>The Sunni extremist group holds much of the mainly Sunni areas of northern and western Iraq.<p>Over the weekend it launched a bloody takeover of Tal Afar, an ethnically and religiously mixed Iraqi city near the Syrian border.<p>All across the city of Mosul are black flags with the words "Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, the state of Ninewa." They're a proclamation that the group — Mon, 16 Jun 2014 20:07:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 56130 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net Calm Or Violent Chaos, Life Under ISIS Depends On The City One Week A Prime Minister: The Short Story Of Libya's Former Leader http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/one-week-prime-minister-short-story-libyas-former-leader In Libya, you never know from one week to the next who's going to be prime minister. And when I met with the man in the job last week, it was clear no one is really in charge.<p>Ahmed Maiteg had only been prime minister a couple of days. He took office under the apparent protection of a militia that supports him, even as another man still claimed the job.<p>Maiteg, a 41-year-old businessman, was so new in the building that his staff was getting lost.<p>"We are building our country together, and we would like to have a strong state and strong government. Mon, 09 Jun 2014 20:06:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 55698 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net One Week A Prime Minister: The Short Story Of Libya's Former Leader Political Chaos Reigns 3 Years After Moammar Gadhafi's Ouster http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/political-chaos-reins-3-years-after-moammar-gadhafsi-ouster Transcript <p>STEVE INSKEEP, HOST: <p>It's MORNING EDITION from NPR News. I'm Steve Inskeep.<p>DAVID GREENE, HOST: <p>And I'm David Greene. We are reminded this morning of how difficult the transitions have been in the countries of the Arab Spring. Egypt has had a coup. Serious bloody civil war carries on. And in Libya, two men now claim to be the rightful prime minister. One is a businessman elected by parliament earlier this month with the backing of Islamists.<p>The other is his predecessor, the former defense minister who's refused to hand over power. Fri, 30 May 2014 10:08:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 55141 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net No Surprise Here: Sisi Rolls To Victory In Egypt's Election http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/no-surprise-here-sisi-rolls-victory-egypts-election It was never in doubt, but now it's official. Ex-military chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi will be Egypt's president after nearly a year of being the nation's de facto leader.<p>He won by a landslide with more than 93 percent of the vote, according to a preliminary results. His victory was so sweeping that his lone opponent, Hamdeen Sabbahy, came in third with just 3 percent of the vote. People who voided their ballots in protest outnumbered those who voted for Sabbahy.<p>Sabbahy was third in the 2012 presidential election as well. Thu, 29 May 2014 18:58:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 55103 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net No Surprise Here: Sisi Rolls To Victory In Egypt's Election Egyptian Media Encourages Voters To Get To Polls — Or Else http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/egyptian-media-encourages-voters-get-polls-or-else Transcript <p>MELISSA BLOCK, BYLINE: This is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR News. I'm Melissa Block.<p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>And I'm Robert Siegel. Egyptian authorities added a third day of voting tomorrow in the country's presidential election. Backers of candidate Abdel Fattah al-Sisi are worried about underwhelming voter turnout. Sisi is the former military chief who led the popular coup against Egypt's last elected president. Sisi is almost certain to win, but his legitimacy could rely on turnout. Tue, 27 May 2014 20:17:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 54963 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net Voting Begins For Egypt's Next President http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/voting-begins-egypts-next-president Former military chief Abdel Fattah el-Sissi is expected to emerge victorious from Egypt's two-day polling, which began Monday. But the country remains divided. Mon, 26 May 2014 21:17:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 54909 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net Egyptians Vote Monday And Tuesday For Next President http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/egyptians-vote-monday-and-tuesday-next-president Transcript <p>DAVID GREENE, HOST: <p>And so as Leila just told us, Egyptians appear ready to elect a military man - which in a way seems amazing considering the images we remember from three years ago. At that point, a military dictator, Hosni Mubarak, was removed from power. At that time, it was NPR's Lourdes Garcia-Navarro in Cairo. She was witnessing all of the celebration.<p>(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED BROADCAST)<p>LOURDES GARCIA-NAVARRO, BYLINE: There are tooting horns and people running and screaming in the streets - just an absolutely mad air of celebration. Mon, 26 May 2014 09:06:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 54873 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net Hopes Dim For Turkish Miners, But Rescuers Carry On http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/hopes-dim-turkish-miners-rescuers-carry Hope is fading that any more mine workers will be rescued from a mine in western Turkey, where over 280 miners died after an explosion. NPR's Leila Fadel has been at the mine and offers more details. Thu, 15 May 2014 20:05:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 54303 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net On Second Day Of Mass Trial, Egyptian Judge Sentences 683 To Death http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/second-day-mass-trial-egyptian-judge-sentences-683-death Transcript <p>MELISSA BLOCK, HOST: <p>From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Melissa Block.<p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>And I'm Robert Siegel. Today brought another shocking sentence from an Egyptian court. A judge issued death sentences for nearly 700 people accused of supporting the Muslim Brotherhood movement. They were charged with committing violence during unrest last summer. This is from the same judge who outraged rights groups last month by sentencing more than 500 people to death. Mon, 28 Apr 2014 20:17:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 53335 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net Egyptians Fear Power Outages Could Fuel More Unrest http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/egyptians-fear-power-outages-could-fuel-more-unrest Transcript <p>RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST: <p>It's MORNING EDITION from NPR News. Good morning. I'm Renee Montagne.<p>STEVE INSKEEP, HOST: <p>And I'm Steve Inskeep. Sometimes in the evening in Cairo, Egypt, people take a sailboat ride on the Nile. I got to do this once, Renee. It's amazing. The river cuts through the center of the city and you can see the lights of Cairo spreading along each bank. Except, of course, when the lights are out.<p>MONTAGNE: And power outages are a feature of daily life, I gather. The electrical grid needs repair. Power plants need fuel. Tue, 22 Apr 2014 08:56:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 52948 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net Egyptian Journalist Trial Is Long On Jail Time — But Short On Proof http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/egyptian-journalist-trial-long-jail-time-short-proof Transcript <p>MELISSA BLOCK, HOST: <p>From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Melissa Block.<p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>And I'm Audie Cornish. In Cairo today, three journalists with the al-Jazeera English channel were back in court. They're accused of being terrorists and spreading false information and it's a case causing international condemnation. The journalists have now been in jail for more than 100 days, part of a wide crackdown on Islamists, critics of the government and the press.<p>NPR's Leila Fadel was in the courtroom today and joins us now. Thu, 10 Apr 2014 20:08:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 52347 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net Egyptian Town Reeling Over Mass Death Sentence http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/egyptian-town-reeling-over-mass-death-sentence More than 500 people in Matea, Egypt, have been sentenced to death. On one street alone, a juice store owner, a sweets shop owner, a doctor and more than 20 others have been condemned. Fri, 28 Mar 2014 21:10:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 51628 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net In Egypt, Defendants Are Being Tried By The Hundreds http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/egypt-defendants-are-being-tried-hundreds Egypt's legal system has already been under scrutiny with a raft of high-profile cases that include two ousted presidents and scores of activists. And a new wave of international criticism is building after an Egyptian court sentenced 529 men to death after a two-day trial.<p>The judge sentenced the men for the killing of a police officer. They were also charged with arson, inciting violence and other crimes in the province of Minya, just south of Cairo.<p>The <a href="http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=47423#.UzLq0a2Sw_c" target="_blank">U.N. Thu, 27 Mar 2014 20:38:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 51568 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net In Egypt, Defendants Are Being Tried By The Hundreds Egyptian Court Sentences 529 Morsi Supporters To Death http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/egyptian-court-sentences-529-morsi-supporters-death Transcript <p>LINDA WERTHEIMER, HOST: <p>This is MORNING EDITION from NPR News. I'm Linda Wertheimer.<p>DAVID GREENE, HOST: <p>And I'm David Greene. Good morning. In Egypt yesterday, a criminal court sentenced 529 people to death over the killing of a police officer. The verdict has been described as unprecedented and humanitarian critics say the two-day trial that preceded it was a sham. Here's NPR's Leila Fadel from Cairo.<p>LEILA FADEL, BYLINE: Human rights groups call the mass death sentences the most severe verdict they've seen in modern history. Tue, 25 Mar 2014 09:06:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 51376 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net In Egypt, A New Courtroom Drama Every Day http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/egypt-new-courtroom-drama-every-day Not one but two ousted presidents are on trial. In cages. As are a group of journalists from the Al Jazeera satellite channel. Then there are the countless activists facing charges that are widely seen as politically motivated.<p>If you like courtroom dramas, Egypt is the place to be these days. Fri, 14 Mar 2014 07:28:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 50794 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net In Egypt, A New Courtroom Drama Every Day Outmanned And Outgunned, Libya Struggles To Fix Its Broken Army http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/outmanned-and-outgunned-libya-struggles-fix-its-broken-army In Libya, disputes are settled by guns.<p>On a recent day, just west of Tripoli, the Libyan capital, gunfire erupts, a battle between two families. It builds for hours; people run for cover. Wed, 26 Feb 2014 08:36:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 49921 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net Outmanned And Outgunned, Libya Struggles To Fix Its Broken Army With Egyptian Press On Trial, Space For Dissent Is In Question http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/egyptian-press-trial-space-dissent-question Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>Now, to Cairo where the spotlight is on an important case in the government's crackdown on press freedoms. Three jailed journalists for the al-Jazeera English channel were taken to their first court hearing today. Their arrest nearly two months ago has been denounced by rights groups. As NPR's Leila Fadel reports, they were denied bail today in a short but dramatic appearance.<p>LEILA FADEL, BYLINE: Outside Tora prison in suburban Cairo, Havas(ph) Fahmy's face is drawn. Thu, 20 Feb 2014 21:18:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 49632 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net Looking Back On Libya: 'We Were Naive' About The Challenges http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/looking-back-libya-we-were-naive-challenges In 2011, I crossed the border with other journalists into a country that had been cut off from the world for 42 years. We had no idea what to expect as we entered what the rebels were calling "Free Libya."<p>Where before there had been oppressive security, instead what greeted us was a motley group of ecstatic young men with guns who welcomed journalists to the land they'd liberated. There was no passport control, no rules and a sense of relief that the world would finally hear their stories.<p>They showed videos of atrocities committed by Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi's men. Sun, 16 Feb 2014 21:26:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 49409 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net Looking Back On Libya: 'We Were Naive' About The Challenges Libya's Slow And Bloody Path Toward Stability http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/libyas-slow-and-bloody-path-toward-stability Transcript <p>SCOTT SIMON, HOST: <p>This is WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. I'm Scott Simon. This month marks the third anniversary of Libya's uprising against a brutal dictator, Moammar Gadhafi. After a bloody civil war, he was ousted and later killed - and now Libya is trying to rebuild itself. But the process has been slow. The divided nation still has a weak government and is awash with weapons. NPR's Leila Fadel has just returned from Tripoli and joins us from Cairo. Leila, thanks so much for being with us.<p>LEILA FADEL, BYLINE: Thanks for having me.<p>SIMON: Let me begin with this. Sat, 15 Feb 2014 14:54:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 49358 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net Egypt's Crackdown Widens, But Insurgency Still Burns http://delmarvapublicradio.net/post/egypts-crackdown-widens-insurgency-still-burns Here are three numbers that tell the story of Egypt's security crackdown, its political turmoil and the simmering insurgency.<p>16,687. It's estimated that at least this many political detainees have been imprisoned since the military ousted the Islamist president, Mohammed Morsi, on July 3.<p>4,482. At least this many people have been killed in clashes since Morsi's ouster, many at the hands of security forces.<p>198. That's the number of people killed, mostly security force members, in armed attacks on the police and army between July and November 2013. Mon, 10 Feb 2014 19:48:00 +0000 Leila Fadel 49087 at http://delmarvapublicradio.net Egypt's Crackdown Widens, But Insurgency Still Burns